In the sports field, peak performance in sports has always been in high demand by players and coaches of all skill levels. From school footballers to athletes striving to claim their gold medals, the pinnacle of performance in sport has always attracted athletes and coaches. In our modern age of sport, where the science of sport is at a high and increasing level, what factors, when applied correctly, can lead participating athletes to peak athletic performance? Are there any secrets to athletic excellence? Are these factors easy to manipulate for the benefit of athletes? This article discusses the factors that can lead athletes and coaches to achieve peak performance in a sport.
There are many articles and books detailing the principles, programs, success factors, etc. which can lead to peak performance in sports. Several authors have written about them at length, and in many ways the principles and factors are universal. The principles of progressive resistance, variety, goal-specific training, recovery, etc. are all indisputable fundamental reasons that allow athletes to achieve peak performance in sport. This article goes further by exploring these aggregate factors in a different light. In the process, I hope to give athletes and coaches how to apply these principles in practice and what factors are of the utmost importance in terms of success and peak performance in sport.
There are two main groups of factors that we need to consider. Technical and human factors. Let’s take a look at the previous set of factors first;
1. Quality Preparation
2. Mastering Individual Skills
3. High Fitness Levels
4. Understanding Overall Team Play
5. Filling Up Key Positions of the Team
6. Minimize Errors in Games
1. Quality Preparation
The hard work of any sporting season begins with pre-season training which is very intense training. No one likes this season, because the work and training required is often very boring and painful. But it must be done so that athletes are optimally prepared for the rigors of competition. Stamina, strength, speed and skill size must be taken into account. Not only the amount of work done, but the amount of quality put in place in the preparation phase is also vital. When players cut corners and put drills at face value without their hearts or souls, it will show up later in the competition as fatigue, injury, or underperformance. Peak sports performance cannot be achieved under these conditions. Quality pre-season preparation is more important in youth sports.
Often in schools, sports seasons begin almost immediately at the start of the school year. With our children away for long vacations, our athletes often return to school for competitions with very little training time. Team play, physical fitness and mental preparation should take place within 2-3 weeks, which is almost impossible and impractical in the world of sports. This type of preparation also harms the growth of our children. In these circumstances, coaches and teachers (and parents where applicable) have a very important responsibility to ensure that our athletes are well prepared for competition. Sports training programs should be developed and implemented at the end of the previous year. Our athletes need to understand that their season does begin when their exams are over. At the start of a training program, coaches and teachers can also guide athletes on the training program while on vacation. Every athlete should have one that they can do something with to improve their playing skills while on school vacation. They can include things like maintaining a certain level of fitness through endurance activities like cycling, running, swimming or fishing and pitching in the yard with their siblings, or even individual practices to improve certain skills. The main thing here is to preserve and improve what was achieved in the previous season, so that the athletes do not go back to school and start from scratch. Simply planning and training in this way will ensure that sports teams are well prepared for peak performance in the sport later on.
2. Mastering Individual Skills
In all sports and games, there are specific skill sets and skills that are essential and essential. This needs to be accomplished by the athletes before they can play at a higher level later on. In basketball, proper dribbling and passing of the ball is crucial. The skills of throwing, catching and pitching are essential in baseball and softball. The thrust pass and pass reception are essential skills in hockey and football. The list goes on. In pre-season training, or in the first stage of the game, these basic skills should be known to our young players, and every effort and time should be made to master these basic skills. Without these skills, a coach would have a hard time performing more complex group games to achieve peak performance in sport. If forwards can’t even control a long pass from one of their teammates, how can we expect the same player to hold the ball well on the pitch against the opponent’s defenders and execute a passes to his next teammates in support. It would be wise for coaches to develop these skills early on and also for players to continue to improve in those skills even if they feel they are already good enough.
Even at the professional level, these essential skills for their sport are important to achieve peak performance in sport. Even more precise is the repertoire of skills required and the intensity of how those skills are performed at the highest levels. At the highest levels where opponents match very evenly across the board, one mistake often results in a win or a loss. Most importantly, professionals have mastered all the skills required for the game or sport. Only under such extreme conditions could peak performance in sports be possible.
4. High level of physical fitness
At the high school level, many athletes have not yet reached their maximum physical development, regardless of their level of training. Physiologically, the evolution in this area in young people is very diverse. Some children reach a high level of fitness faster than others, while others have body types that do not respond best to training until they are older. Therefore, it can be assumed that the team with the fittest group of players will have the greatest advantage. No matter how skillful your opponents are, if you are fitter than him or her, you will be able to overcome your lack of form with a quick response to overcome a short deficiency. Let’s say you’ve been dodged by a more skillful soccer opponent. But if you’re fitter than your opponent who just passed you, you can come back quickly enough to cover your position again. This characteristic of youthful fitness is also very important in the later stages of the game, as players tend to tire more quickly at this age. The right team will certainly be able to win and achieve more goals later in the game. Players of this age should be convinced of this need for fitness and be encouraged to do all they can to achieve the highest level of fitness possible.
What about the pros? There is no doubt that professional athletes are supposed to be in shape at the highest level. If they weren’t, they would be their opponents and, therefore, outdo them and reach their peak performance in the sport. In general, professional athletes know how to get in shape and maintain good physical shape until the end of the season. Their physical body is also in the best condition to develop to its full potential.
5. Understand team play in general
The next factor of great importance in achieving peak performance in sports is to understand the team play of two players. Imagine a coach telling his men to remove the balls under the wings in any game of conquest. You would be amazed at how many players actually understand why you are being told to do this. Most of the time, players do what is required or required of coaches. The understanding behind their work is often very poor. They may not know that by playing the ball along the wings or wing it is actually forcing the opponent’s defense to spread more widely, thus leaving more gaps in the middle for the attacker to exploit it later. Another statistical feature is that undercutting the wings usually causes the attacker to recover the ball if it has gone out of bounds. Because of this, you often hear players or coaches shouting at their defenders “throw in the line”. Young players like the straight route to the goal and that often means playing in the middle. Anything that is taught to players in tactics, coaches should do their best to explain and make sure all players understand the tactical importance of their games. If done correctly, this type of training makes players better players and improves decision making on the pitch. And we are always looking for more thoughtful players at our stadium, which gives the team more possibilities to achieve peak performance in the sport.
6. Hold key positions in the team
The fifth factor that can lead to peak performance in sport is finding the right players to fill most of the key positions on the team first. In any sports team, there will be key positions to fill first. The rule in the basketball team is the team driver. He controls all the games. The Ice Hockey Center plays a central role in both defense and attack, and therefore the player must be the best, fittest and most capable. The baseball catcher is the main man, as he dictates and calls the stadiums, and also sees the position of the entire field. These key positions need to be filled first, even if it means removing someone from the position. I had a very talented and strong striker who likes to score goals. Unfortunately, I also have a huge goalkeeper gap and he also happens to be the best ballhandler on the team. After a lot of persuasion and sacrifice, he finally became a goalie. Thanks to their dedicated work, the team performed very well as very few goals were scored against us. This step was not easy. But as a coach I thought the goalkeeper was too important to allow any Tom, Dick or Harry to play, so he had to be the best. This result was the fewest silly mistakes in our goalie division that gave the team a much better chance of winning games, and it brings us to the last technical factor affecting peak performance in the sport – doing the fewest errors.
7. Reduce errors in games
In today’s sport, mistakes often determine the outcome of the game. The errors will be more numerous at the level of young people and children. The fact that children play at lower technical and tactical levels makes mistakes inevitable. The team with the fewest fouls in a match will usually be at their peak. It is a mentality that must be developed in the players to make the slightest mistake at the individual level as at the team level. If you don’t believe it, watch your next game closely to see how you score goals or points. Most of the time you will find that the goal was thrown through the fault of an opponent somewhere. Or that the point or the stroke is the result of some players feeling the ball. Making too many stupid mistakes will not lead to a team achieving peak performance in the sport. The team that works well makes the fewest mistakes. So, coaches, make sure you train your players to understand this and do the right things in the game. Show them the evidence through videos or live matches, and they will be convinced that the team with the least. of fouls wins matches and culminates in their athletic performance.
So far we have discussed the technical factors that will lead your team to peak performance in sports. Coaches and players must ensure that these factors are taken into account in order for your teams to achieve the best performance in the sport. Otherwise, it will be a waste of effort and time, regardless of the talent of the team and the players.
In an effort to achieve peak performance in sport, human factors are also very important. Understanding and mastering these factors, success and peak performance in sports is almost certain. But these factors are often the most difficult to reach. And here we take advantage of human qualities to excel in different fields to achieve their peak performance in sport. Often, these qualities form the basis of all athletic performance in sport. Players and coaches will find it difficult to get a handle on these factors as we are dealing with intangible elements of human nature. Improving your presentation skills is easy, but improving team spirit is more than just practicing a skill.
Fortunately, we just need to focus on two human factors to achieve peak performance in sports.
1. Players’ Dedication and Commitment
2. Team Work and Team Spirit
The first factor concerns having dedicated and committed players. Much of this is an individual player factor, but it is also the coach’s responsibility to garner the greatest commitment and dedication from each player. We all know that every player is different and therefore it takes different strategies to motivate different players. For some players, it is enough to set goals, whether as a team or individually, as the players themselves may already be intrinsically motivated. For players with low motivation and a star position, a carrot and stick shape may be needed to get the most out of it. Regardless of the strategies, not getting the highest commitment and dedication from the players will mean that the training and match play will not be optimal resulting in poor peak performance in the sport.
The second human factor that leads to peak performance in sport is teamwork and team spirit. When the team is able to work together at a level where the understanding of the players is very good, the team will reach the ultimate potential. Not only would tactical games be good in every way, but the effort to play with each other in the team would be so high that the level of satisfaction and sacrifice would be so great that team play would improve. Players are ready to run and cover more, and there is an almost magical factor in team play. The efficiency of the team will improve. Players will not play for selfish reasons but rather for the common goals of the team. History provides us with great elements to see teamwork in action. Often times, it wasn’t the teams with the most skills that won competitions, it was the teams with the greatest team spirit and teamwork, when the players were willing to put their weight aside. personal differences to play for bigger team goals. At Euro 2004, Greece weren’t the team with the most fairness or skill, but they won nonetheless, as the coach was able to put together a seemingly nobody’s squad in a united unit and willing to play hard for each other.
Training and achieving peak performance in sport are often the dreams and aspirations of many coaches and players. At all levels of sport, from high school to professionals, all athletes and their coaches want to achieve their peak performance in sport. It is a person’s inner desire to be successful and to be the best. Not only does it take skill to be the best, but it also requires certain technical and human factors that can be manipulated to realize the benefits of achieving peak performance in sports. These factors are important for any sports enthusiast who is looking to achieve peak performance in sports.
Jimmy Tong is a 13-year-old physics professor in Singapore with a BS in Sports Science and Physical Education from Loughborough University, UK. He has extensive experience coaching soccer, football and rugby teams in schools in Singapore and is currently in charge of sport development in schools in Singapore as well as an active contributor to sports coaching articles. to improve athletic performance. He hopes to empower people to be successful by inspiring them with inspiring and motivating stories and real sports inspirations.